Habitat restoration is important to environmental health in areas where the ecological balance has been disrupted through some factors such as pollution, the arrival of invasive species, or habitat destruction.
There are numerous concepts that need to be properly understood in order to reestablish a healthy ecosystem through habitat restoration. The following are six key concepts to be aware of when it comes to habit restoration:
Water is essential to any habitat for both plant and animal life. Reestablishing a habitat requires that water be regularly supplied. At the same time, care must be taken to avoid excessive precipitation or water exposure because flooding or water flowing with a great deal of force can destroy landscapes and disrupt aquatic life.
Attaining biological diversity is an essential part of fully restoring a habitat. Plant and animal life within a habitat life in careful balance with each other. Plants need animal life for pollination, and many animals live off of plants.
Attaining biodiversity is necessary to reestablish a habitat so that the many symbiotic relationships that wildlife relies on to survive can flourish.
One of the most common reasons why a habitat deteriorates is because of the introduction of an invasive species. A balanced habitat should naturally control all of its populations and have predators and/or food scarcity to keep the populations of individual species under control.
Habitat restoration requires that any invasive species be controlled with a predator, relocation, or through eradication.
Genetic makeup of populations
Genetic diversity is important for ensuring the continued vitality of populations. In fact, genetic diversity within individual species is as important as biodiversity in the entire ecosystem to ensure the continued survival of the species in question across generations.
Genetic diversity prevents deadly problems including inbreeding and founder effects that will cause the health of a population to deteriorate over time.
An environmental disturbance is any change in an ecosystem that disrupts the ecosystem's functioning. Some common examples of disturbances include fires, human encroachment on the ecosystem, natural disasters, and the arrival of invasive species.
A functional, long-lasting ecosystem is what habitat restoration works to create. A functioning ecosystem can continue indefinitely through various fluctuations in energy as well as nutrient cycles.
Habitat restoration is complete when the ecosystem is completely functional and self-perpetuates. For more information check out companies like DNL Environmental - DRG.